Lectures: Mondays 11-12:45 Leiden, Snellius 402. Maurizio's office hours: Fridays 11:00-13:00 in Snellius 207 or the library.
REPRESENTATION THEORY is about using linear algebra to understand and exploit symmetry to the fullest. As such it plays a major role in many subjects in mathematics and physics. For example it provides a framework for understanding special functions and generalizes Fourier analysis to a non-commutative setting. Also modular forms in number theory are intimately related to representations of the Galois group. In physics one describes particles scattering into smaller elementary particles in terms of the corresponding representation decomposing into irreducible representations.
CONCRETELY, representation theory is about how a given subgroup of GL(V) decomposes vector space V into invariant subspaces. Even more concretely this often amounts to block-diagonalizing matrices. Working with representations of algebras we are able to introduce the theory for both Lie algebras and finite groups. Along the way we will also meet tensor products and categories.
FINAL GRADE: Written exam. Bi-weekly homework counts as bonus (max one point on the final grade, it can only count positively). Homework is preferrably typed in latex and handed in as pdf to firstname.lastname@example.org. Alternatively it can be put in Maurizio's pigeon hole on the second floor of the math department. Please send an email that you have done so and do not email scans as they are difficult to read. English language is preferred.
PREREQUISITES: Linear algebra 1,2, Algebra 1.
LITERATURE: Etingof, Introduction to Representation theory, freely available on the author's website.
MATERIAL TREATED: The following topics in the book were treated and may be expected on the exam: